Use Of Periodontal Instruments During Scaling and Root Planning

Minor Periodontal diseases can lead to severe complications. So, dentists suggest taking care of these problems at the early stage. And the best treatment method to handle the disorders is scaling and root planning. These techniques include the removal of dental calculus and bacterial plaques that calcify on the inner or outer side of the teeth due to many reasons. Moreover, the elimination of shallower periodontal pockets also comes under these treatment methods.

Dental experts use periodontal instruments to address these complications. The most common instruments required for scaling and root planing are dental probes, debridement curettes, periodontal files, knives, periodontal chisels, dental explorers, hoes, and periodontal scalers.

All the above instruments not only help treat the periodontal problem but also assist in diagnosing the complications. Dentists can easily find the calcified material by using dental explorer or probes.

The root planning procedure follows the scaling process. It helps smooth the tooth’s root. Additionally, by using this method, the gums can recover and reconnect to a more hygienic root surface.

This blog article will briefly discuss the use of periodontal surgical instruments. In addition, you will get to know about the best manufacturers of periodontal tools.

Debridement Curettes

Debridement dental curettes are double-ended instruments. They feature a curved tip that helps clean the teeth effectively. Dentists use these periodontal instruments for root planning and cleaning the teeth.

Moreover, dental curettes help remove supragingival and subgingival calculus. Also, dentists use them to scrape away cementum or necrotic soft tissues.

Common Dental Curettes

There are several types and variations of dental curettes. The most common variants of these periodontal tools include Gracey curettes and universal curettes.

Gracey curettes

Dental experts use Gracey curettes for removing subgingival and supra-gingival calculus. Since it is a region-specific tool, therefore it has many variants for different tooth surfaces.

The instrument features a rounded tip to protect soft tissues. The tip makes a 70-degree angle to the lower shank. Safe scaling and root planning require using this tool with the proper technique.

Based on how closely the angle with the neck is, these special curettes help dentists access the gingival pockets of certain teeth like incisors, canines, molars, and premolars.

For instance, dental experts prefer Gracey curettes 5 and 6 for treating incisors. Additionally, each one features a rounded tip with an upward lateral cutting edge.

Universal Curettes

Unlike Gracey curettes, universal dental curettes with 90-degree angulation feature a round tip with two cutting edges. Moreover, it helps remove the calcified material from all tooth surfaces.

In contrast with Gracey curettes, the blades of the instrument are only curved upward.

Additionally, the German forging and ergonomic design make this special periodontal tool more effective and long-lasting.

Periodontal Scalers

Dental scalers are german-forged instruments featuring two working ends with a firm grip round handle.

Dentists use these special periodontal instruments for removing supragingival calculus. In addition, they also help remove tooth plaque. The sharp needle-like curved end of the tool can easily scrap the calcified material.

Dental excerpts should use the instrument with great care. Its pointed end can damage the gingiva when using it below the gum. Therefore, scalers are ideal for above the gum line. There are many variations of this special dental tool to help surgeons during root planning and scaling.

Periodontal Chisels

Dental chisel scalers help shape and cut delicate and small bones. The fine end of the tool is ideal to elevate fractured root tips. Moreover, dentists use hammers for imparting force to the instrument while cutting the bones. The force is applied to the proximal end of the chisel instrument.

In addition, periodontal chisels remove the calcified material from anterior mandibular teeth. Also, medical professionals use this tool to insert implants by removing, smoothening, and contouring the bone area.

Chisel scalers are atraumatic instruments and can reach deeper areas for removing calculus and plaques. For dentists’ convenience, several variations of this german-forged instrument are available.




Periodontal probes

A periodontal probe can be a single or double-ended instrument. It features a sharp curved tip with a non-slippery ergonomic design handle.

Dental experts use this periodontal instrument to explore the degree of damage to the teeth. The active part of the instrument has markings on it. So, it helps measure the destruction of the tissue in millimetres.

During the initial examination, the dental probe collects essential data for preparing a periodogram. This chart is the record of gingival sulcus depth. The data is collected from the palatal as well as the vestibular side.

Moreover, the periodontal probe instrument has german forging making it rust-free and reusable. Additionally, several variations of the tool are available to handle different situations.

Some other important periodontal surgical instruments include dental hoes, files, knives, blades, and brushes.

Where to buy Top-Notch Periodontal Instruments

The market is full of manufacturers and suppliers of dental surgical instruments. But the question is who to trust and what is the most reliable source. Finding cutting-edge dental instruments is hectic but not impossible.

Among the most reliable manufacturers and suppliers of dental instruments, GerDentUSA has maintained its reputation by providing quality products. All the instruments are forged with the finest quality material, i.e., German Stainless. Moreover, many variations are available for each tool. Surely, the budget-friendly and robust structure instruments will improve your dental practice.


What is the difference between dental probes and explorers?

Basically, both are diagnostic instruments featuring almost the same structures. But dental probes have markings on their cutting edge to measure the degree of root damage.

What is the role of Dental Chisels during scaling and root planning?

Dental chisels or chisel scalers help remove the calcified material from the anterior mandibular. Moreover, they can easily reach the deeper areas for scaling and root planning.