It is normal to lose about 50 to 100 hairs a day. Usually, this loss is not noticeable as the new hair strands grow in place of the lost hair. Having a bald head can occur when hair falls out too quickly and/or new hair stops growing. In this article, we’ll discuss the different causes, and ways to prevent balding.
Causes of balding
If your relatives have hair loss, you are more likely to lose hair. This may appear as a slow, receding hairline or thinning of the plaque, especially on the top of the head.
A stressful or shocking event can cause temporary thinning of the hair, sometimes extreme hair loss can happen depending on the situation.
Hair loss is a potential side effect of several medications used to treat other medical conditions such as cancer, depression, gout, heart disease, etc.
- Medical conditions
Hormone problems or autoimmune diseases can cause hair loss. Medical conditions such as thyroid problems, scalp infections, or trichotillomania can cause thinning hair or bald patches. An autoimmune disease called alopecia areata occurs when the immune system attacks hair follicles causing bald spots.
How to treat balding?
- Change of lifestyle
Changes in your lifestyle can prevent balding from getting worse. Lifestyle choices such as reducing or quitting smoking, having a balanced diet, and managing stress levels can help treat or prevent hair loss. Massaging the scalp can also prevent baldness. Having a regular scalp massage can stimulate the hair follicles, making your hair grow.
- OTC medications
Minoxidil is available over-the-counter in liquid or foam form. Apply it to the scalp twice a day to promote hair growth and prevent hair loss. It may take 4 to 6 months to see results with minoxidil. Results also depend on appropriate application and dosage.
- Laser treatments
Laser treatment is thought to reduce inflammation in hair follicles, thereby preventing them from regrowing with certain types of hair loss. Low-level laser therapy(LLLT) is a safe and effective procedure for treating male pattern baldness.
- Hair transplant
The two most popular hair transplant procedures are follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction. There are also certain risks(such as infection and scarring). You may need multiple hair transplant treatments to get the desired results. Keep in mind that both of these hair transplant procedures are considered surgeries and cause a certain amount of discomfort.
- Other remedies
- Try to be as gentle as possible when brushing or styling your hair. Constantly twisting, spinning, or pulling your hair can cause hair loss.
- Peppermint oil can help hair grow. Rosemary oil has also been traditionally used to increase blood circulation to the scalp.
- Onion juice as a topical treatment has significantly higher regenerative capacity than tap water in patients with alopecia areata.
- Take supplements and vitamins such as biotin to lessen your hair loss and make your hair follicles stronger.
- Green tea is another natural remedy for hair loss. The polyphenolic compounds in green tea help with hair growth.
Take good care of your hair and scalp.
Avoid harsh hair products such as heat tools, hair dyes and bleaches. Hairstyles like tight ponytails or buns can also affect your hair. Keep your scalp healthy by washing your hair and scalp regularly.
“Inflammation in the scalp can affect hair growth,” says Dr. Bergfeld.
Why is your hair falling out?
The following factors can cause your hair to fall out more than usual.
Hormonal changes such as pregnancy or menopause.
Treatments such as perming or bleaching damaged hair.
Medicines such as chemotherapy.
Medical conditions such as fungal infections or thyroid disease.
By working with a dermatologist, you can determine what is causing your hair loss. Your doctor will ask about your health, medications, and family history.
“I tell patients to look for anything unusual, which is difficult,” says Dr. Bergfeld. “So when we go back to looking for a trigger, we show what it could be.”
To assess hair loss, your doctor will also look at other parts of your body, such as your eyebrows, eyelashes, eyebrows, underarms, pubic area, legs, and arms.
Often, hair loss is a sign that something serious is going on.
“Hair loss, especially hair loss, is a sign that something is wrong in the body,” says Dr. Bergfeld. “The hair follicle is one of the three fastest-growing cell lines in the body. Anything that affects your body throws it off balance, which affects these systems. So, hair loss is a sign that something is wrong.